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What Are Phytocannabinoids?

Discussing Hemp and its health-assisting potential often leads to further questions about the botanical composition of Hemp, phytocannabinoids, and their role in supporting the human endocannabinoid system.

Industrial Hemp is brimming with phytocannabinoids: it contains more than 100 such natural compounds, of which CBD is the most common and the most studied. Another well-known phytocannabinoid is THC, but there are plenty of other, lesser-researched ones like CBC, CBG, CBN, CBDA, CBDV, etc.

These naturally occurring compounds give us a botanical product that has great potential in maintaining our health and supporting our wellbeing.

What Are Phytocannabinoids and Endocannabinoids?

Phyto is Greek for plant. Endo is Greek for internal. So, each prefix tells us where a cannabinoid is produced: inside a plant or inside the human body.

When researchers first discovered the human endocannabinoid system, they named it after the cannabis plant for one simple reason: the compounds produced by the endocannabinoid system bear a striking resemblance to those produced by cannabis.

However, cannabis is hardly the only plant that contains phytocannabinoids. The cacao plant, for instance, contains anandamide, which is an endocannabinoid—a cannabinoid produced naturally by the human body. Given that anandamide has also been called the ‘bliss’ or ‘joy’ cannabinoid, it’s no wonder people crave chocolate.

Other delicious foods that contain anandamide include black truffles and spices like cinnamon, clove, and oregano, while sunflowers contain a phytocannabinoid called amorfrutin. Amorfrutin is similar to a Hemp cannabinoid called CBG.

Phytocannabinoids were created by plants to help them survive weather extremes and keep at bay predators and harmful insects. Phytocannabinoids also attract pollinators, which are crucial for the plants’ propagation. As a result, phytocannabinoids are usually found in the aerial parts of plants; usually the stalks, stems, leaves, and flowers.

Does Hemp Contain Phytocannabinoids?

Hemp contains more than 100 phytocannabinoids. The most well-known is CBD, alongside THC. However, there are many other phytocannabinoids like CBC, CBN, CBG, CBDA, and THCa.

These phytocannabinoids developed over time to give Hemp the strength it needs to survive and thrive.

What Is the Difference between Phytocannabinoids and Endocannabinoids?

For thousands of years, people have been using Hemp and cannabis to support their health. With that in mind, scientists tried to understand what made Hemp so valuable.

Research showed that the human body contains at least two endocannabinoids, anandamide and 2-AG. Remember anandamide in cacao? Humans, Hemp, and cacao share the same cannabinoid—as do many more animals and plants.

Our Endocannabinoid System (ECS)

Our bodies are equipped with an endocannabinoid system (ECS) that is tasked with regulating several bodily functions such as appetite, mood, temperature perception, sleep, memory, reproduction, the immune system, and inflammation, among many others. The scope of our ECS is to keep our bodies in balance and harmony.

The way our ECS functions is that when something is out of synch—or homeostasis, as the proper term for the body’s natural balance is—the ECS sends anandamide and 2-AG to bind to their respective receptors—CB1 and CB2—and alert the body to take action. Once our body gets the message, it starts repairing the damage to recover balance and health.

Sometimes, the body can restore homeostasis on its own. For example, if you cut your finger, the ECS will start the inflammation process to fight any invading germs.

Other times, the body needs your assistance. For instance, when your cells are dehydrated, you feel thirsty. That’s the ECS instructing you to drink some water and rehydrate your cells, thus restoring your homeostasis.

CB1 receptors are mainly located in the nervous system, the brain, muscles, and liver. CB2 receptors are primarily found in the gut, immune system, and—to a lesser extent—the brain.

Phytocannabinoids and Our ECS

After discovering the ECS, researchers naturally wondered if taking phytocannabinoids can enhance our ECS’s function and help it repair itself and maintain its strength. After all, our body is endowed with an endocannabinoid system that functions with cannabinoids.

While we’re a long way from definitively answering that question, thousands of studies suggest that phytocannabinoids carry a rich health potential.

What Are Hemp’s Phytocannabinoids?

Hemp contains more than 100 phytocannabinoids. Here are some of the most abundant ones.

CBD

CBD has been the most studied phytocannabinoid, as it is the most abundant in industrial Hemp. Research has shown that CBD has anti-inflammatory properties and anti-depressant and anti-anxiety qualities.

At first, researchers thought that CBD might strengthen the ECS by adding its power to that of endocannabinoids. However, further research suggests this is not the case. Instead, it seems that CBD helps restore the ECS’s own natural balance, thus improving its function and efficiency.

A well-functioning ECS helps our bodies in a myriad of ways. Conversely, a malfunctioning ECS may damage us in countless ways. For example, autoimmune disorders are related to uncontrollable inflammation; something controlled by the ECS.

THC

THC is another endocannabinoid. THC has psychotropic qualities that lead to the sense of ‘high’ people experience when consuming it. This is the reason why THC is still illegal at the federal level.

THC has shown to have anti-inflammatory, anti-anxiety, and pain-relieving properties and it may help fight nausea. However, its significant side effects have prevented it so far from becoming a useful tool for most people. For example, in mild to moderate doses, it may trigger psychotic episodes or even schizophrenia, especially in young users, and it puts undue stress on the heart and cardiovascular system.

CBG

CBG is another Hemp phytocannabinoid that could have anti-inflammatory and pain-relieving possibilities. CBG has also displayed anti-bacterial potential, which could be helpful when other medications are not working.

CBN

CBN is mildly psychoactive, about 10% as much as THC. CBN has been studied for its sleep-inducing potential but research is still inconclusive. Just like other Hemp phytocannabinoids, CBN displays anti-inflammatory and pain-relieving characteristics.

CBC

CBC helps our brain grow neurons, thus keeping it healthy, vibrant, and active. The more active our brain, the more it keeps at bay neurological diseases such as Alzheimer’s. CBC also displays anti-inflammatory and pain-relieving qualities, particularly regarding arthritis.

CBDA

CBDA is the precursor of CBD. When CBDA is oxidized, it converts into CBD.

CBDA has been found to have powerful anti-inflammatory qualities, similar to NSAIDs (Non-Steroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drugs) medication. Just like conventional NSAID drugs, it appears to block the COX enzyme that produces inflammation. However, it doesn’t have the significant side effects NSAID drugs sometimes have.

THCA

THCA is the precursor of THC. Hemp first produces THCA, which is then oxidized and turns into THC. Unlike THC, THCA is non-intoxicating and appears to have anti-inflammatory and anti-nausea qualities. It may also help protect our brain from neurodegenerative diseases like Alzheimer’s and Parkinson’s.

Does Full-Spectrum Hemp Oil Contain Phytocannabinoids?

Physical and digital shelves are packed with Hemp products. However, all Hemp products are not the same:

  • Full-Spectrum Hemp Oil contains CBD alongside all the other cannabinoids found in Hemp, including THC, THCA, CBC, CBN, and CBG. Full-Spectrum Hemp Oil also contains terpenes, which are the aromatic oils of Hemp, and flavonoids.
  • Broad-Spectrum Hemp Oil is the same as Full-Spectrum but without any traces of THC. Most other cannabinoids, terpenes, and flavonoids are present in Broad-Spectrum Hemp Oil.
  • Finally, CBD isolate is 100% CBD. It contains no other phytocannabinoids, terpenes, or flavonoids.

Should Your Hemp Oil Contain Phytocannabinoids?

Nature has given us a plant that contains hundreds of botanical compounds and natural constituents. There is a reason for this and it’s called the entourage effect.

Research results are surfacing showing us that Hemp Oil products work better when they are combined with all the cannabinoids, terpenes, and flavonoids found in Hemp.

Studies suggest that when all the natural compounds work in tandem, they enhance each other’s potential and efficiency and provide an effect that is greater than would be expected. The whole is greater than the sum of its parts, or, as some put it, 1+1=3. This has been called the entourage effect.

Why should you miss out on Hemp cannabinoids’ full potential? Instead of focusing on just CBD, Synchronicity is delivering Full-Spectrum Hemp Oil products that brim with all the true potential of Hemp—what we call the True Entourage Effect™.

Our philosophy is to respect what nature is giving us and release Hemp Oil products that are as close to nature as possible. We are well aware of CBD’s potential. However, we’re just as aware of the importance of combining it with all the other phytocannabinoids to create end products that are superior and more efficient than the competition.

Why choose just CBD when you can have the full benefit of Hemp?

Feel the Full Effect™ with Synchronicity and enjoy Hemp the way nature intended.

Synchronicity makes Full-Spectrum Hemp Oil by gently hand-pressing Whole Hemp plants and infusing them into coconut oil to maintain all the cannabinoid nutrients of the plant. Like CBD, our Hemp Oil comes in many forms, from oils to tinctures to topicals. Unlike CBD, it’s not made by using harsh CO2 extraction processes. So, in the end, you get a cleaner, purer, more potent product. Synchronicity—the Hemp Oil producers you can trust.

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